Lightweight, secure, database-free, spamfiltering mail server with Postfix, Dovecot, openDKIM and dspam on Debian 7

Configurations for a light memory use, spamfiltering, secure mailserver on linux.
Table of Contents

Update 2016-03-08 10:48

I wasn't aware Dovecot is case-sensitive by default and this led to strange situations. Many thanks to the entry Roundcube, Dovecot IMAP and case sensitive user names1 for pointing at the solution.

Update 2014-11-06 14:36

It turned out that the hash segment size was misconfigured earlier and it resulted in filled up disk space. Fixed now. Also replaced CRYPT with SHA512-CRYPT.


I've been using this setup with MySQL as a backend for years; I've moved away from the database approach for various reasons recently. One of them was to be able to easily sync the whole server for a secondary place where the MySQL replication constantly failed due to a somewhat flaky connection.

If you have a small, rarely chaning system, just stick to the plain text configs.


Although I'm using this setup it does not neccessarily mean it will works flawlessly for you. This little tutorial is provided without any warranty or even promise that it will fit your needs.

Even though I've tried to create a copy-paste tutorial here things might be missing. If you find any goofs, please drop me a mail or similar.


Create a user for the virtual mailboxes:

addgroup --gid 5000 vmail
adduser --uid 5000 --home /home/vmail --gid vmail --disabled-password vmail

Install the required software:

apt-get install dspam libdspam7-drv-hash opendkim opendkim-tools memcached postfix postfix-pcre dovecot-antispam dovecot-core dovecot-imapd dovecot-managesieved dovecot-sieve

During the process, postfix will ask for it's configuration; it does not matter what you choose as it will be overwritten.


Generate dhparam files for SPF:

cd /etc/postfix
openssl dhparam -out dh2048.tmp 2048 && mv dh2048.tmp dh2048.pem
openssl dhparam -out dh1024.tmp 2048 && mv dh1024.tmp dh1024.pem
openssl dhparam -out dh512.tmp 2048 && mv dh512.tmp dh512.pem


smtpd_banner = your.mailhost.reverse.dns
biff = no
append_dot_mydomain = no
delay_warning_time = 4h
readme_directory = no
mailbox_size_limit = 0
message_size_limit = 52428800
#recipient_delimiter = +
inet_interfaces = all
maximal_queue_lifetime = 1d
queue_run_delay = 300s
minimal_backoff_time = 300s
bounce_queue_lifetime = 1d
myhostname = your.mailhost.reverse.dns
myorigin = your.mailhost.reverse.dns
mydestination = $myhostname localhost localhost.localdomain
mynetworks = [::ffff:]/104 [::1]/128

virtual_mailbox_domains = hash:/etc/postfix/maps/domain
virtual_mailbox_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/maps/mailbox
virtual_alias_domains = hash:/etc/postfix/maps/aliasdomain
virtual_alias_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/maps/alias

virtual_mailbox_base = /home/vmail
virtual_uid_maps = static:5000
virtual_gid_maps = static:5000


dovecot_destination_recipient_limit = 1
dspam_destination_recipient_limit = 1

## TLS & SSL
smtpd_tls_security_level = may
smtpd_tls_received_header = yes
tls_random_source = dev:/dev/urandom

smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/ssl/your.domain.cert.pem
smtpd_tls_key_file  = /etc/ssl/your.domain.cert.key

smtpd_tls_session_cache_timeout = 3600s
smtpd_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtpd_scache

smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous
broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes
smtpd_sasl_authenticated_header = yes
smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot
smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth

smtpd_tls_ciphers = high
smtpd_tls_exclude_ciphers = aNULL, DES, 3DES, MD5, DES+MD5, RC4
smtpd_tls_protocols = !SSLv3, !SSLv2

# forward secrecy
smtpd_tls_eecdh_grade = strong
tls_eecdh_strong_curve = prime256v1
tls_eecdh_ultra_curve = secp384r1
smtpd_tls_dh1024_param_file = ${config_directory}/dh2048.pem
smtpd_tls_dh512_param_file = ${config_directory}/dh512.pem
tls_preempt_cipherlist = yes

postscreen_access_list = permit_mynetworks
postscreen_dnsbl_sites =*1*2*1*1*1

postscreen_dnsbl_action = enforce
postscreen_greet_action = enforce

postscreen_cache_map = memcache:/etc/postfix/postscreen_cache
postscreen_cache_cleanup_interval = 0
postscreen_dnsbl_ttl = 60m

smtpd_helo_required = yes

smtpd_client_restrictions = permit_mynetworks,

smtpd_helo_restrictions = permit_mynetworks,

smtpd_sender_restrictions = reject_unknown_sender_domain,
    check_sender_mx_access pcre:/etc/postfix/regex_blacklist,
    check_sender_access pcre:/etc/postfix/regex_blacklist,
    check_sender_ns_access pcre:/etc/postfix/regex_blacklist,

smtpd_recipient_restrictions =     permit_mynetworks,
    check_client_access pcre:/etc/postfix/dspam_filter_access,

milter_default_action = accept
milter_protocol = 2
smtpd_milters = inet:
non_smtpd_milters = inet:


smtpd     pass  -       -       n       -       -       smtpd
smtp      inet  n       -       n       -       1       postscreen
smtps     inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
587       inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
tlsproxy  unix  -       -       n       -       0       tlsproxy
dnsblog   unix  -       -       n       -       0       dnsblog

#smtp      inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd

pickup    fifo  n       -       -       60      1       pickup
cleanup   unix  n       -       -       -       0       cleanup
qmgr      fifo  n       -       n       300     1       qmgr
tlsmgr    unix  -       -       -       1000?   1       tlsmgr
rewrite   unix  -       -       -       -       -       trivial-rewrite
bounce    unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
defer     unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
trace     unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
verify    unix  -       -       -       -       1       verify
flush     unix  n       -       -       1000?   0       flush
proxymap  unix  -       -       n       -       -       proxymap
proxywrite unix -       -       n       -       1       proxymap
smtp      unix  -       -       -       -       -       smtp
relay     unix  -       -       -       -       -       smtp
showq     unix  n       -       -       -       -       showq
error     unix  -       -       -       -       -       error
retry     unix  -       -       -       -       -       error
discard   unix  -       -       -       -       -       discard
local     unix  -       n       n       -       -       local
virtual   unix  -       n       n       -       -       virtual
lmtp      unix  -       -       -       -       -       lmtp
anvil     unix  -       -       -       -       1       anvil
scache    unix  -       -       -       -       1       scache

dovecot   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=DRhu user=vmail:vmail argv=/usr/lib/dovecot/deliver -f ${sender} -d ${recipient}

dspam     unix  -       n       n       -       32      pipe
  flags=Ru user=vmail:vmail argv=/usr/bin/dspam --client --deliver=innocent,spam --user ${recipient} --mail-from=${sender} inet n  -       n       -        -      smtpd
  -o content_filter=
  -o receive_override_options=no_unknown_recipient_checks,no_header_body_checks
  -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=
  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=
  -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=
  -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=permit_mynetworks,reject
  -o mynetworks=,
  -o smtpd_authorized_xforward_hosts=,

The alternative 25025 port is for the DSPAM delivery agent that will send the message back once it's done.


Postscreen can be rather slow, so a cache does not really matter; memcached is easy enough to set up and it's built-in already.

memcache = inet:
key_format = postscreen:%s


The ddspam filter access file is to tell which route to use as name:filter_route format.

# Everything beginning with either ham or spam avoids the filter
/^(spam|ham)@.*$/ OK

# The rest is redirected to be filtered
/./ FILTER dspam:dspam


The regex blacklist file contains domain names you explicitly want to send to hell. It's useful when you receive spams from directions easy to define by sender domain.

/gigaplaza\.sk$/    REJECT Byez



If you need virtual aliases.

abuse@your.other.domain        abuse@your.domain
hostmaster@your.other.domain    hostmaster@your.domain
postmaster@your.other.domain    postmaster@your.domain
webmaster@your.other.domain    webmaster@your.domain


If you want to use virtual alias domains.

your.other2.domain your.domain


Domains you want to accept mail for.



Virtual mailboxes. The the_directory_name_for_the_address will be created under the virtual_mailbox_base specified in

you@your.domain the_directory_name_for_the_address/


This well be the password file for dovecot. Since we're not using local users, we need a virtual users table.


For a hashed password:

mkpasswd --method=sha-512


Just install memcached with the defaults; no need for any changes in the configuration.


Dspam needs a lot of training, but once trained enough, it's dead accurate, small and fast.




Home /var/spool/dspam

StorageDriver /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/dspam/
HashRecMax 49157
HashAutoExtend on
HashMaxExtents 1024
HashExtentSize 49157
HashPctIncrease        10
HashMaxSeek        10
HashConnectionCache    20

TrustedDeliveryAgent "/usr/sbin/sendmail"
UntrustedDeliveryAgent "/usr/lib/dovecot/deliver -d %u"

DeliveryPort        25025
DeliveryIdent        dspam.your.mailhost.reverse.dns
DeliveryProto        SMTP

OnFail error

Trust root
Trust dspam
Trust postfix
Trust vmail
Trust dspam-user

# Debug *

TrainingMode teft
TestConditionalTraining on
Feature tb=3

Algorithm graham burton
Tokenizer osb
PValue bcr

WebStats on

ImprobabilityDrive on

Preference "signatureLocation=headers"
Preference "showFactors=off"
Preference "spamAction=deliver"
Preference "spamSubject="
Preference "optIn=off"
Preference "optOut=off"

Notifications    off

PurgeSignatures 14    # Stale signatures
PurgeNeutral    90    # Tokens with neutralish probabilities
PurgeUnused    90    # Unused tokens
PurgeHapaxes    30    # Tokens with less than 5 hits (hapaxes)
PurgeHits1S    15    # Tokens with only 1 spam hit
PurgeHits1I    15    # Tokens with only 1 innocent hit


SystemLog    on
UserLog        on

TrainPristine off

Opt out

TackSources spam virus

ParseToHeaders on
ChangeModeOnParse on
ChangeUserOnParse full

MaxMessageSize 4194304

ServerPort        2424
ServerQueueSize    32
ServerPID        /var/run/dspam/
ServerMode auto

ServerPass.client "a_random_client_id"

ServerParameters "--deliver=innocent,spam -d %u"
ServerIdent    "your.hostname"

ClientPort    2424
ClientIdent    "a_random_client_id@client"

ProcessorURLContext on
ProcessorBias on
StripRcptDomain off

IgnoreHeader Accept-Language
IgnoreHeader Approved
IgnoreHeader Archive
IgnoreHeader Authentication-Results
IgnoreHeader Cache-Post-Path
IgnoreHeader Cancel-Key
IgnoreHeader Cancel-Lock
IgnoreHeader Complaints-To
IgnoreHeader Content-Description
IgnoreHeader Content-Disposition
IgnoreHeader Content-ID
IgnoreHeader Content-Language
IgnoreHeader Content-Return
IgnoreHeader Content-Transfer-Encoding
IgnoreHeader Content-Type
IgnoreHeader DKIM-Signature
IgnoreHeader Date
IgnoreHeader Disposition-Notification-To
IgnoreHeader DomainKey-Signature
IgnoreHeader Importance
IgnoreHeader In-Reply-To
IgnoreHeader Injection-Info
IgnoreHeader Lines
IgnoreHeader Message-Id
IgnoreHeader Message-ID
IgnoreHeader NNTP-Posting-Date
IgnoreHeader NNTP-Posting-Host
IgnoreHeader Newsgroups
IgnoreHeader OpenPGP
IgnoreHeader Organization
IgnoreHeader Originator
IgnoreHeader PGP-ID
IgnoreHeader Path
IgnoreHeader Received
IgnoreHeader Received-SPF
IgnoreHeader References
IgnoreHeader Reply-To
IgnoreHeader Resent-Date
IgnoreHeader Resent-From
IgnoreHeader Resent-Message-ID
IgnoreHeader Thread-Index
IgnoreHeader Thread-Topic
IgnoreHeader User-Agent
IgnoreHeader X--MailScanner-SpamCheck
IgnoreHeader X-AV-Scanned
IgnoreHeader X-AVAS-Spam-Level
IgnoreHeader X-AVAS-Spam-Score
IgnoreHeader X-AVAS-Spam-Status
IgnoreHeader X-AVAS-Spam-Symbols
IgnoreHeader X-AVAS-Virus-Status
IgnoreHeader X-AVK-Virus-Check
IgnoreHeader X-Abuse
IgnoreHeader X-Abuse-Contact
IgnoreHeader X-Abuse-Info
IgnoreHeader X-Abuse-Management
IgnoreHeader X-Abuse-To
IgnoreHeader X-Abuse-and-DMCA-Info
IgnoreHeader X-Accept-Language
IgnoreHeader X-Admission-MailScanner-SpamCheck
IgnoreHeader X-Admission-MailScanner-SpamScore
IgnoreHeader X-Amavis-Alert
IgnoreHeader X-Amavis-Hold
IgnoreHeader X-Amavis-Modified
IgnoreHeader X-Amavis-OS-Fingerprint
IgnoreHeader X-Amavis-PenPals
IgnoreHeader X-Amavis-PolicyBank
IgnoreHeader X-AntiVirus
IgnoreHeader X-Antispam
IgnoreHeader X-Antivirus
IgnoreHeader X-Antivirus-Scanner
IgnoreHeader X-Antivirus-Status
IgnoreHeader X-Archive
IgnoreHeader X-Assp-Spam-Prob
IgnoreHeader X-Attention
IgnoreHeader X-BTI-AntiSpam
IgnoreHeader X-Barracuda
IgnoreHeader X-Barracuda-Bayes
IgnoreHeader X-Barracuda-Spam-Flag
IgnoreHeader X-Barracuda-Spam-Report
IgnoreHeader X-Barracuda-Spam-Score
IgnoreHeader X-Barracuda-Spam-Status
IgnoreHeader X-Barracuda-Virus-Scanned
IgnoreHeader X-Bogosity
IgnoreHeader X-Brightmail-Tracker
IgnoreHeader X-CRM114-CacheID
IgnoreHeader X-CRM114-Status
IgnoreHeader X-CRM114-Version
IgnoreHeader X-CTASD-IP
IgnoreHeader X-CTASD-RefID
IgnoreHeader X-CTASD-Sender
IgnoreHeader X-Cache
IgnoreHeader X-ClamAntiVirus-Scanner
IgnoreHeader X-Comment-To
IgnoreHeader X-Comments
IgnoreHeader X-Complaints
IgnoreHeader X-Complaints-Info
IgnoreHeader X-Complaints-To
IgnoreHeader X-DKIM
IgnoreHeader X-DMCA-Complaints-To
IgnoreHeader X-DMCA-Notifications
IgnoreHeader X-Despammed-Tracer
IgnoreHeader X-ELTE-SpamCheck
IgnoreHeader X-ELTE-SpamCheck-Details
IgnoreHeader X-ELTE-SpamScore
IgnoreHeader X-ELTE-SpamVersion
IgnoreHeader X-ELTE-VirusStatus
IgnoreHeader X-Enigmail-Supports
IgnoreHeader X-Enigmail-Version
IgnoreHeader X-Extra-Info
IgnoreHeader X-Face
IgnoreHeader X-Forwarded
IgnoreHeader X-GMX-Antispam
IgnoreHeader X-GMX-Antivirus
IgnoreHeader X-GPG-Fingerprint
IgnoreHeader X-GPG-Key-ID
IgnoreHeader X-GPS-DegDec
IgnoreHeader X-GPS-MGRS
IgnoreHeader X-GWSPAM
IgnoreHeader X-Gateway
IgnoreHeader X-Greylist
IgnoreHeader X-HTMLM
IgnoreHeader X-HTMLM-Info
IgnoreHeader X-HTMLM-Score
IgnoreHeader X-HTTP-Posting-Host
IgnoreHeader X-HTTP-UserAgent
IgnoreHeader X-HTTP-Via
IgnoreHeader X-ID
IgnoreHeader X-Info
IgnoreHeader X-IronPort-Anti-Spam-Filtered
IgnoreHeader X-IronPort-Anti-Spam-Result
IgnoreHeader X-KSV-Antispam
IgnoreHeader X-Kaspersky-Antivirus
IgnoreHeader X-MDAV-Processed
IgnoreHeader X-MDRemoteIP
IgnoreHeader X-MDaemon-Deliver-To
IgnoreHeader X-MIE-MailScanner-SpamCheck
IgnoreHeader X-MIMEOLE
IgnoreHeader X-MIMETrack
IgnoreHeader X-MMS-Spam-Filter-ID
IgnoreHeader X-MS-Has-Attach
IgnoreHeader X-MS-TNEF-Correlator
IgnoreHeader X-MSMail-Priority
IgnoreHeader X-MailScanner
IgnoreHeader X-MailScanner-Information
IgnoreHeader X-MailScanner-SpamCheck
IgnoreHeader X-Mailer
IgnoreHeader X-Mlf-Spam-Status
IgnoreHeader X-NAI-Spam-Checker-Version
IgnoreHeader X-NAI-Spam-Flag
IgnoreHeader X-NAI-Spam-Level
IgnoreHeader X-NAI-Spam-Report
IgnoreHeader X-NAI-Spam-Route
IgnoreHeader X-NAI-Spam-Rules
IgnoreHeader X-NAI-Spam-Score
IgnoreHeader X-NAI-Spam-Threshold
IgnoreHeader X-NEWT-spamscore
IgnoreHeader X-NNTP-Posting-Date
IgnoreHeader X-NNTP-Posting-Host
IgnoreHeader X-NetcoreISpam1-ECMScanner
IgnoreHeader X-NetcoreISpam1-ECMScanner-From
IgnoreHeader X-NetcoreISpam1-ECMScanner-Information
IgnoreHeader X-NetcoreISpam1-ECMScanner-SpamCheck
IgnoreHeader X-NetcoreISpam1-ECMScanner-SpamScore
IgnoreHeader X-Newsreader
IgnoreHeader X-Newsserver
IgnoreHeader X-No-Archive
IgnoreHeader X-No-Spam
IgnoreHeader X-OSBF-Lua-Score
IgnoreHeader X-OWM-SpamCheck
IgnoreHeader X-OWM-VirusCheck
IgnoreHeader X-Olypen-Virus
IgnoreHeader X-Orig-Path
IgnoreHeader X-OriginalArrivalTime
IgnoreHeader X-Originating-IP
IgnoreHeader X-PAA-AntiVirus
IgnoreHeader X-PAA-AntiVirus-Message
IgnoreHeader X-PGP-Fingerprint
IgnoreHeader X-PGP-Hash
IgnoreHeader X-PGP-ID
IgnoreHeader X-PGP-Key
IgnoreHeader X-PGP-Key-Fingerprint
IgnoreHeader X-PGP-KeyID
IgnoreHeader X-PGP-Sig
IgnoreHeader X-PIRONET-NDH-MailScanner-SpamCheck
IgnoreHeader X-PIRONET-NDH-MailScanner-SpamScore
IgnoreHeader X-PMX
IgnoreHeader X-PMX-Version
IgnoreHeader X-PN-SPAMFiltered
IgnoreHeader X-Posting-Agent
IgnoreHeader X-Posting-ID
IgnoreHeader X-Posting-IP
IgnoreHeader X-Priority
IgnoreHeader X-Proofpoint-Spam-Details
IgnoreHeader X-Qmail-Scanner-1.25st
IgnoreHeader X-Quarantine-ID
IgnoreHeader X-RAV-AntiVirus
IgnoreHeader X-RITmySpam
IgnoreHeader X-RITmySpam-IP
IgnoreHeader X-RITmySpam-Spam
IgnoreHeader X-Rc-Spam
IgnoreHeader X-Rc-Virus
IgnoreHeader X-Received-Date
IgnoreHeader X-RedHat-Spam-Score
IgnoreHeader X-RedHat-Spam-Warning
IgnoreHeader X-RegEx
IgnoreHeader X-RegEx-Score
IgnoreHeader X-Rocket-Spam
IgnoreHeader X-SA-GROUP
IgnoreHeader X-STA-NotSpam
IgnoreHeader X-STA-Spam
IgnoreHeader X-Scam-grey
IgnoreHeader X-Scanned-By
IgnoreHeader X-SenderID
IgnoreHeader X-Sohu-Antivirus
IgnoreHeader X-Spam
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-ASN
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Check
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Checked-By
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Checker
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Checker-Version
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Clean
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-DCC
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Details
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Filter
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Filtered
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Flag
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Level
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-OrigSender
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Pct
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Prev-Subject
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Processed
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Pyzor
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Rating
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Report
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Scanned
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Score
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Status
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Tagged
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Tests
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Tests-Failed
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Virus
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-Warning
IgnoreHeader X-Spam-detection-level
IgnoreHeader X-SpamAssassin-Clean
IgnoreHeader X-SpamAssassin-Warning
IgnoreHeader X-SpamBouncer
IgnoreHeader X-SpamCatcher-Score
IgnoreHeader X-SpamCop-Checked
IgnoreHeader X-SpamCop-Disposition
IgnoreHeader X-SpamCop-Whitelisted
IgnoreHeader X-SpamDetected
IgnoreHeader X-SpamInfo
IgnoreHeader X-SpamPal
IgnoreHeader X-SpamPal-Timeout
IgnoreHeader X-SpamReason
IgnoreHeader X-SpamScore
IgnoreHeader X-SpamTest-Categories
IgnoreHeader X-SpamTest-Info
IgnoreHeader X-SpamTest-Method
IgnoreHeader X-SpamTest-Status
IgnoreHeader X-SpamTest-Version
IgnoreHeader X-Spamadvice
IgnoreHeader X-Spamarrest-noauth
IgnoreHeader X-Spamarrest-speedcode
IgnoreHeader X-Spambayes-Classification
IgnoreHeader X-Spamcount
IgnoreHeader X-Spamsensitivity
IgnoreHeader X-TM-AS-Category-Info
IgnoreHeader X-TM-AS-MatchedID
IgnoreHeader X-TM-AS-Product-Ver
IgnoreHeader X-TM-AS-Result
IgnoreHeader X-TMWD-Spam-Summary
IgnoreHeader X-TNEFEvaluated
IgnoreHeader X-Text-Classification
IgnoreHeader X-Text-Classification-Data
IgnoreHeader X-Trace
IgnoreHeader X-UCD-Spam-Score
IgnoreHeader X-User-Agent
IgnoreHeader X-User-ID
IgnoreHeader X-User-System
IgnoreHeader X-Virus-Check
IgnoreHeader X-Virus-Checked
IgnoreHeader X-Virus-Checker-Version
IgnoreHeader X-Virus-Scan
IgnoreHeader X-Virus-Scanned
IgnoreHeader X-Virus-Scanner
IgnoreHeader X-Virus-Scanner-Result
IgnoreHeader X-Virus-Status
IgnoreHeader X-VirusChecked
IgnoreHeader X-Virusscan
IgnoreHeader X-WSS-ID
IgnoreHeader X-WinProxy-AntiVirus
IgnoreHeader X-WinProxy-AntiVirus-Message
IgnoreHeader X-cid
IgnoreHeader X-iHateSpam-Checked
IgnoreHeader X-iHateSpam-Quarantined
IgnoreHeader X-policyd-weight
IgnoreHeader X-purgate
IgnoreHeader X-purgate-Ad
IgnoreHeader X-purgate-ID
IgnoreHeader X-sgxh1
IgnoreHeader X-to-viruscore
IgnoreHeader Xref
IgnoreHeader acceptlanguage
IgnoreHeader thread-index
IgnoreHeader x-uscspam
IgnoreHeader X-Paranoid-Spam
IgnoreHeader X-Paranoid-Prob
IgnoreHeader X-Paranoid-Report
IgnoreHeader X-ArGoMail-Read





Main dovecot config file; not too many things to see here.

## Dovecot configuration file

# Enable installed protocols
!include_try /usr/share/dovecot/protocols.d/*.protocol
listen = *, ::
instance_name = dovecot
login_greeting = mail
shutdown_clients = yes
default_vsz_limit = 64M
default_internal_user = vmail
!include conf.d/*.conf


Dovecot authentication setup; this will provide the auth socket for Postfix as well.

## Authentication processes

#   plain login digest-md5 cram-md5 ntlm rpa apop anonymous gssapi otp skey
#   gss-spnego
auth_cache_size = 1024
auth_cache_ttl = 1 hour
auth_cache_negative_ttl = 1 hour
auth_worker_max_count = 128
auth_mechanisms = plain login
auth_username_format = %Lu

## Password and user databases

passdb {
    driver = passwd-file
    args = scheme=SHA512-CRYPT /etc/postfix/maps/user

userdb {
    driver = static
    args = uid=5000 gid=5000 home=/home/vmail/%Lu

service auth {
    user = root

    unix_listener auth-userdb {
        mode = 0666
        user = $default_internal_user
        group = $default_internal_user

    # Postfix smtp-auth
    unix_listener /var/spool/postfix/private/auth {
        mode = 0666
        user = postfix
        group = postfix

service auth-worker {
    user = $default_internal_user


Set logging to syslog so you'll have it all in one place.

## Log destination.

log_path = syslog
syslog_facility = mail

## Logging verbosity and debugging.

auth_verbose = no
auth_verbose_passwords = no
auth_debug = no
auth_debug_passwords = no

mail_debug = no
verbose_ssl = no

## Log formatting.

log_timestamp = "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S "

# Format to use for logging mail deliveries. You can use variables:
#  %$ - Delivery status message (e.g. "saved to INBOX")
#  %m - Message-ID
#  %s - Subject
#  %f - From address
#  %p - Physical size
#  %w - Virtual size
deliver_log_format = msgid=%m: %$


Mailbox setup.

## Mailbox locations and namespaces

mail_location = maildir:~/Maildir

namespace inbox {
    inbox = yes

    mailbox Drafts {
        special_use = \Drafts

    mailbox Spam {
        special_use = \Junk

    mailbox Trash {
        special_use = \Trash

    mailbox Sent {
        special_use = \Sent

mail_privileged_group = mail


Security for dovecot.

## SSL settings

ssl = yes

ssl_cert = </etc/ssl/your.domain.cert.pem
ssl_key  = </etc/ssl/your.domain.cert.key

# SSL protocols to use
ssl_protocols = !SSLv2 !SSLv3

# SSL ciphers to use

# SSL crypto device to use, for valid values run "openssl engine"
ssl_crypto_device = rsax


Local delivery agent setup

## LDA specific settings (also used by LMTP)

postmaster_address = postmaster@your.domain
hostname = your.hostname

rejection_subject = Rejected: %s
rejection_reason = Message <%t> was rejected:%n%r

lda_mailbox_autocreate = yes
lda_mailbox_autosubscribe = yes

protocol lda {
    log_path = syslog
    mail_plugins = $mail_plugins sieve
    mail_fsync = optimized


The IMAP server setup itself.

## IMAP specific settings

protocol imap {
    mail_max_userip_connections = 512
    imap_idle_notify_interval = 24 mins
    mail_plugins = $mail_plugins antispam

service imap-login {
    # enabled if you want non-ssl imap
    #inet_listener imap {
    #    port = 143

    inet_listener imaps {
        port = 993
        ssl = yes


service imap {
#    process_limit = 64


## LMTP specific settings

protocol lmtp {
    #auth_socket_path = director-userdb
    mail_fsync = optimized
    mail_plugins = $mail_plugins sieve

service lmtp {
    user = vmail

    unix_listener lmtp {
        mode = 0666

    inet_listener lmtp {
        address =
        port = 24



Sieve setup. Create the folder and the file before running dovecot with this setup:

mkdir /etc/dovecot/sieve
touch /etc/dovecot/sieve/sieve.before
touch /etc/dovecot/sieve/sieve.default
chown -R vmail:vmail /etc/dovecot/sieve
## ManageSieve specific settings

# Service configuration

protocol sieve {
    #managesieve_max_line_length = 65536

# Service definitions
service managesieve-login {
    inet_listener sieve {
        port = 4190

    inet_listener sieve_deprecated {
        port = 2000

service managesieve {
    # process_count = 32

plugin {
    # The path to the user's main active script. If ManageSieve is used, this the
    # location of the symbolic link controlled by ManageSieve.
    sieve = ~/.dovecot.sieve
    sieve_default = /etc/dovecot/sieve/sieve.default
    sieve_dir = ~/sieve
    sieve_global_dir = /etc/dovecot/sieve
    sieve_before = /etc/dovecot/sieve/sieve.before

    sieve_max_actions = 1024


Dspam can hook in to dovecot so there's no need for any manual train; when a mail is moved in our out the Spam folder, dspam will automatically be trained on it.

## antispam plugin config
plugin {
    antispam_backend = dspam
    antispam_dspam_binary = /usr/bin/dspam
    antispam_signature = X-DSPAM-Signature
    antispam_signature_missing = move
    antispam_dspam_result_header = X-DSPAM-Result
    antispam_dspam_result_blacklist = Virus;Blocklisted;Blacklisted

    antispam_trash = trash;Trash;Deleted Items;Deleted Messages
    antispam_trash_pattern_ignorecase = TRASH
    antispam_spam = Spam;Junk
    antispam_spam_pattern_ignorecase = SPAM;JUNK

    antispam_dspam_args = --client;--user;%Lu;--source=error
    antispam_dspam_spam = --class=spam
    antispam_dspam_notspam = --class=innocent



Syslog            yes
UMask            002
# postfix user
UserID            104

Domain            your.domain
KeyFile            /etc/ssl/your.domain.dkim.private
Selector        mail

Mode sv
SubDomains yes
AutoRestart yes
Background yes
Canonicalization relaxed/relaxed
DNSTimeout 5
SignatureAlgorithm rsa-sha256
#UseASPDiscard no
##Version rfc4871
X-Header yes

InternalHosts /etc/internalhosts

OversignHeaders        From