Another 2 weeks in Sichuan: Dujiangyan and Mount Qingcheng

Going to two of the places we had to skip in our first trip: the ancient irrigation system of Dujiangyan and the front, taoist mountain of Qingcheng.
Table of Contents

After the first few days in Chengdu1 we moved on to Dujiangyan. We got train tickets to a relatively remote train station, Xifu - which, to our luck, was on the metro line closest to our hotel in Chendgu, but when we asked for directions, the receptionists face morphed into a question mark. "Why do you want to go there? Tourists don't go to Xipu." So again, we were a little off the regular tracks, but it was at least easy to get there.

The way to Dujiangyan

Unlike the rest of the countries we've been to, Chengdu - so I assume China itself - has baggage checks for the metro line as well. Not the way too insane, European, remove-your-belt-shoes-everything, but xray and fluid scanners. Therefore getting on the metro is a little slowers, but it's surprisingly fast even with the check, and feels much safer. (Unless you carry some small bottles of Unicum in your bag, you know, just in case, which you totally forget, and they try to tell you to get it out from you bag in Chinese.)

At Xipu were we approached by a bunch of definitely non-Asian people - they turned out to be exchange students from the US trying to figure out where we're from - one of them got a lucky guess of Eastern Europe - going to Qingcheng.

The train was nice again, although not as hilariously good as on our first trip in 2014; I think we somehow bought tickets for first class that time. There is still at least 2x the leg space on second class compared to anywhere in Europe, so fast trains in China = good, comfortable trip.

The buildings you pass by also are slightly larger than the ones we're used to in our tiny Old Continent.

Unmistakenly Asian contruction of flats
Unmistakenly Asian contruction of flats Nexus 4, 4.6 mm, f/2.6, 1/324 sec, ISO 100 | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Unmistakenly Asian houses with a vast amount
of
Unmistakenly Asian houses with a vast amount of Nexus 4, 4.6 mm, f/2.6, 1/247 sec, ISO 100 | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

Dujiangyan: Irrigation System and Scenic Area

map of the Dujiangyan Scenic Area
map of the Dujiangyan Scenic Area

We knew the Water Releasing Festival2 will happen and we were also fairly certain it will happen when we are there. The only knowledge we were missing was the exact place, so we headed to the Irrigation System and the Scenic Area - and maybe see something about this festival.

Right next to the hotel we stayed there was a bus station - bus 36, that would take us to the entrance. But instead of the expected bus - you know, a big, 30+ seats thing - a minivan sized 8 seater arrived, with the bus sign 36 on front of it! Seriously, that was the bus, and it kind of made sense, since it's a small town, not many using the public transport. Oh, and it cost 1 Yuan. That is about 10 pennies.

A mix of modern and ancient in a building in
Dujiangyan
A mix of modern and ancient in a building in Dujiangyan Nexus 4, 4.6 mm, f/2.6, 1/25 sec, ISO 100 | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

The unexpected - there's always an unexpected - came when we reached the entrance: my god, the amount of people there. A vast river of human flood the street looked like, and for us, who were there for the peaceful nature, this was kind of a shock.

After climbing a few steps we decided to take the least utilized paths towards Anlan Bridge - and after ~4 in the afternoon, things finally started to clear up and people started to vanish.

Dujiangyan main street crowded with tourists
Dujiangyan main street crowded with tourists PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/50 sec, ISO 200 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Dujiangyan main street very crowded with tourists
Dujiangyan main street very crowded with tourists PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/400 sec, ISO 1600 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Even the stairs taking you to the mountain was crowded in
Dujiangyan
Even the stairs taking you to the mountain was crowded in Dujiangyan PENTAX K-5 II s, 16.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/60 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Flowers and ancient roofs in Dujiangyan
Flowers and ancient roofs in Dujiangyan PENTAX K-5 II s, 43.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/60 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Ancient looking houses in Dujiangyan
Ancient looking houses in Dujiangyan PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/100 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

Going upper was suddenly "blocked" by an escalator, that was built underneath the ancient roof, replacing the regular stairs. It is quite a unique thing.

The ancient roofs were kept, but the stairs underneath were replaced
with an escalator
The ancient roofs were kept, but the stairs underneath were replaced with an escalator PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/4.0, 1/25 sec, ISO 160 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

And of course, there is a beautiful temple at the top of the hill.

Dujiangyan temple at the top of the hill
Dujiangyan temple at the top of the hill PENTAX K-5 II s, 16.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/80 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

We wandered a few more temples in the Scenic Area - one of them was exceptionally peaceful and seem to have survived the 2009 earthquake with a few distortions to it's structure - impossible to align a picture here.

Dujiangyan Scenic Area - ancient passages through
monasteries
Dujiangyan Scenic Area - ancient passages through monasteries PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/25 sec, ISO 800 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Dujiangyan Scenic Area - Nora taking a picture of incests in front of
a shrine
Dujiangyan Scenic Area - Nora taking a picture of incests in front of a shrine PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/4.0, 1/30 sec, ISO 400 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Dujiangyan Scenic Area - some of these buildings survived the 2009
Earthquake without any serious damage...
Dujiangyan Scenic Area - some of these buildings survived the 2009 Earthquake without any serious damage... PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/4.0, 1/100 sec, ISO 400 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
...but you won't be able to find a single straight line in this
monastery in the Dujiangyan Scenic Area
...but you won't be able to find a single straight line in this monastery in the Dujiangyan Scenic Area PENTAX K-5 II s, 16.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/20 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Patio between monastery buildings in Dujiangyan
Patio between monastery buildings in Dujiangyan PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/4.0, 1/100 sec, ISO 800 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
A rare moment in Dujiangyan when only a few people were blocking the
view
A rare moment in Dujiangyan when only a few people were blocking the view PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/5.6, 1/15 sec, ISO 400 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Benches to rest at Erwang Temple in
Dujiangyan
Benches to rest at Erwang Temple in Dujiangyan PENTAX K-5 II s, 50.0 mm, f/4.0, 1/15 sec, ISO 200 | smc PENTAX-DA 50mm F1.8 | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Us at the Anlan Bridge in Dujiangyan
Us at the Anlan Bridge in Dujiangyan PENTAX K-5 II s, 68.0 mm, f/5.6, 1/50 sec, ISO 160 | smc PENTAX-DA 18-135mm F3.5-5.6 ED AL [IF] DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
The Anlan - Husband and Wife - Bridge that overlooks the river Min,
with the Qinyan Tower in the back.
The Anlan - Husband and Wife - Bridge that overlooks the river Min, with the Qinyan Tower in the back. PENTAX K-5 II s, 50.0 mm, f/4.0, 1/80 sec, ISO 400 | smc PENTAX-DA 50mm F1.8 | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Anlan Bridge and the irigation system in
Dujiangyan
Anlan Bridge and the irigation system in Dujiangyan PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/4.0, 1/320 sec, ISO 200 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

The Anlan Bridge - the Husband & Wife Bridge - overlooks the irrigation system3 which is the main cause to visit the area. In a few words: this is a 2000+ years old layout, with very low dams, that regulates the river Min, preventing it from flooding the plains it crosses. A few turns here, a split there, and voilà, the river is not a monster anymore. I wish we had a clearer day: with all the haze in the air it was a bit hard to see it's full glory.

One note: get out the way you came in. The way out from the island is long and if a taxi hadn't pop up there it would have taken us ours to get back to the hotel.

Later it turned out that the festival was held at the very end of the scenic area, close to the bridge - and it was as packed as it's possible, so while we were a little sad we missed it, I think it's better this way.

Dujiangyan at night

When we saw some parts if this little city during the day it looked promising for the night: knowing that people here like bathing their nights in lights, we expected a view, and we were not wrong.

Finding food was a little tricky. Unlike in Jiuzhaigou4, the restaurants and small places weren't keen on putting up pictures of the dishes, so we ended up in a small alley, where some sympathetic local woman was making good looking servings; semi-guessing that what we're about to eat is some kind of pork with rice. It was good, so instead of taking a risk of eating somewhere else, this was our place for two days.

Most parts of the food streets has fresh stock - and I mean you choose the still living animal to eat. It's not for the faint hearted; expect to see rabbits, pheasants, ducks, frogs, etc. here. Nothing ugly thankfully, so no cats, dogs, or anything like that; most of these animals are eaten in Europe as well, you just don't expect to see them living before cooking any more.

One of the bridges in Dujiangyan, bathing in LED lights at
night
One of the bridges in Dujiangyan, bathing in LED lights at night PENTAX K-5 II s, 62.5 mm, f/6.3, 1/5 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 55-300mm F4-5.8 ED WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Another bridge in Dujiangyan, also looking magnificent with the lights
at night
Another bridge in Dujiangyan, also looking magnificent with the lights at night PENTAX K-5 II s, 48.0 mm, f/6.3, 1/5 sec, ISO 800 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Even the riverbed is lighted in
Dujiangyan...
Even the riverbed is lighted in Dujiangyan... PENTAX K-5 II s, 23.0 mm, f/8.0, 2.5 sec, ISO 200 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
... which allows you to take gorgeous pictures of the flow at
night
... which allows you to take gorgeous pictures of the flow at night PENTAX K-5 II s, 16.0 mm, f/8.0, 2.5 sec, ISO 200 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
With these ligths, some buildings in Dujiangyan look like they are
straight out from Spirited Away
With these ligths, some buildings in Dujiangyan look like they are straight out from Spirited Away PENTAX K-5 II s, 85.0 mm, f/6.3, 1/10 sec, ISO 1600 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
If you're unable to read Chinese choosing your meal might be
tricky
If you're unable to read Chinese choosing your meal might be tricky Nexus 4, 4.6 mm, f/2.6, 1/20 sec, ISO 900 | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

Mount Qingcheng, Front Mountain

On our first trip5 we decided to skip the front mountain and go for the less known back mountain; this was one of the reasons why we wanted to come back for a visit. Unfortunately we received a proper Welsh weather for this day: rain, with a bit of a shower, bathed in fog. At least it added a mysterious touch.

There were a few little shops around the entrance, and I have no idea what kind of pasty were this two hammering, while singing some kind of work-song, but it was interesting.

Making sweets with hammers while singing works songs at the foot of
Mount Qingcheng
Making sweets with hammers while singing works songs at the foot of Mount Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 39.0 mm, f/4.5, 1/25 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

It was also not unusual to see small, old folks with insane packs on their back. Apparently some mountains, especially the monasteries, are only reachable on foot, so you still need people like them. And donkeys.

Local in Qingcheng with 2 huge gas tanks in his
back
Local in Qingcheng with 2 huge gas tanks in his back PENTAX K-5 II s, 75.0 mm, f/5.6, 1/50 sec, ISO 3200 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Qingcheng in the rain is quite deserted, but still beautiful: the
water adds a lof of reflection
Qingcheng in the rain is quite deserted, but still beautiful: the water adds a lof of reflection PENTAX K-5 II s, 26.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/30 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
The ferry on the front mountain of Mount
Qingcheng
The ferry on the front mountain of Mount Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 23.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/125 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
The ferry on the front mountain of Mount Qingcheng -
closeup
The ferry on the front mountain of Mount Qingcheng - closeup PENTAX K-5 II s, 16.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/25 sec, ISO 200 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Misty, wet, but still magnificent: Taoist temple on Mount
Qingcheng
Misty, wet, but still magnificent: Taoist temple on Mount Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 16.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/80 sec, ISO 800 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Ancient shelter on Mount Qingcheng
Ancient shelter on Mount Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 18.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/100 sec, ISO 800 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

Before the cable car, we decided to sit down for a tea - that was probably a good idea, because the really heavy rain started right after we got our tea, so we didn't have to walk in that weather. After this, it started to clear up a bit.

The mountain is full of Taoist temples, and most of them are extraordinary. Unlike in Europe, ancient here usually means a thing that had been there for thousands of years, but since they are in use, they are constantly renovated - some parts are new, others are hundreds of years old. I've read many disappointed entries, stating that what was labelled ancient is a remake; it's not. It's a living, actively in use thing, therefore it needs fixing; otherwise you could only visit ruins - just like in Europe.

Beautiful details of golden dragons on shrines at
Qingcheng
Beautiful details of golden dragons on shrines at Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 85.0 mm, f/5.6, 1/40 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
The rain and the mist certainly adds to the feeling of misticism
surrounding most of the places at
Qingcheng
The rain and the mist certainly adds to the feeling of misticism surrounding most of the places at Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 21.0 mm, f/5.0, 1/40 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
When the rain and the fog gets thick many things will blend into the
nothingness, including the upper levels of this temple on
Qingcheng
When the rain and the fog gets thick many things will blend into the nothingness, including the upper levels of this temple on Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 16.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/200 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
A temple garden at Mount Qingcheng
A temple garden at Mount Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 16.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/40 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Ancient gate on Mount Qingcheng
Ancient gate on Mount Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 39.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/125 sec, ISO 800 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

Meanwhile we met a Chinese guy, name Jason - also a photographer mad enough to come out in this weather -, it was nice to talk to a local.

They way down is nice, with lots of temples, stairs and a surprisingly large gulch - no wonder this place is the secret panda village from Kung Fu Panda 3.

Cave-temple at Qingcheng, reconstructed the same way it used to look
after a fire
Cave-temple at Qingcheng, reconstructed the same way it used to look after a fire PENTAX K-5 II s, 16.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/13 sec, ISO 160 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Hundred meter deep gulch at Qingcheng
Hundred meter deep gulch at Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 16.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/60 sec, ISO 1600 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Well maintained stairs everywhere on Mount
Qingcheng
Well maintained stairs everywhere on Mount Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 26.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/15 sec, ISO 1600 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Ancient paths carved into the mountain at
Qingcheng
Ancient paths carved into the mountain at Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/20 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Ancient temple with original looking parts, given nothing was straight
a temple on Qingcheng
Ancient temple with original looking parts, given nothing was straight a temple on Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 16.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/15 sec, ISO 1600 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Inside one of the temples on Qingcheng
Inside one of the temples on Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 16.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/60 sec, ISO 400 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Stairs leading into a monastery on mount
Qingcheng
Stairs leading into a monastery on mount Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 23.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/25 sec, ISO 1600 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

Mount Qingcheng, Back Mountain (again), the other path

Entrance of the rear mountain of
Qingcheng
Entrance of the rear mountain of Qingcheng Nexus 4, 4.6 mm, f/2.6, 1/543 sec, ISO 100 | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

The original plan was to visit a scenic area in the north, but since we really loved the back mountain the last time, and we only got to see one of the paths, we ended up visiting it again. The area is currently undergoing a massive development: lots of houses are built and apparently many more tourists are coming - this was unfortunately visible from the amount of rubbish as well, which was not like this on our first trip.

Reflection of the entrance gate of
Qingcheng
Reflection of the entrance gate of Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/6.3, 1/60 sec, ISO 200 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
The first village at the rear peak of Mount
Qingcheng
The first village at the rear peak of Mount Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/6.3, 1/30 sec, ISO 200 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
The rear peak of Qingcheng is a lot less old and ancient looking, with
a lot of modern development
The rear peak of Qingcheng is a lot less old and ancient looking, with a lot of modern development PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/80 sec, ISO 200 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Even though these building are all new, they try to keep the look and
the atmosphere similar to the rest of the
mountain
Even though these building are all new, they try to keep the look and the atmosphere similar to the rest of the mountain PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/15 sec, ISO 200 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Rope bridge at the rear peak of Mount
Qingcheng
Rope bridge at the rear peak of Mount Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/30 sec, ISO 200 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
Ancient pines and stairs at the rear peak of Mount
Qingcheng
Ancient pines and stairs at the rear peak of Mount Qingcheng PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/5.0, 1/20 sec, ISO 200 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
The rear path of the back mountain was more abandoned than the usual
paths we take, and was not always in the best
shape...
The rear path of the back mountain was more abandoned than the usual paths we take, and was not always in the best shape... PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/50 sec, ISO 200 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
... but it was full of small waterfalls, streams, and brooks, and it
was quiet and peaceful. And it's \~45 minutes from
Chengdu...
... but it was full of small waterfalls, streams, and brooks, and it was quiet and peaceful. And it's ~45 minutes from Chengdu... PENTAX K-5 II s, 43.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/30 sec, ISO 800 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
...with stairs above the brooks...
...with stairs above the brooks... PENTAX K-5 II s, 23.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/25 sec, ISO 1600 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
...paths above the ponds...
...paths above the ponds... PENTAX K-5 II s, 16.0 mm, f/11.0, 1/13 sec, ISO 160 | HD PENTAX-DA 16-85mm F3.5-5.6 ED DC WR | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0
...and passages in the riverbeds
...and passages in the riverbeds PENTAX K-5 II s, 35.0 mm, f/8.0, 1/20 sec, ISO 160 | smc PENTAX-DA 35mm F2.4 AL | CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

It wasn't dark already like on our first visit, but no taxis and no buses were around again, even though we expected them So yes, we ended up getting of the mountain by looking lost enough, so the locals offered us a ride back to the city for slightly unhappy amount of money.


  1. https://petermolnar.net/sichuan-chengdu-2/↩︎

  2. http://m.chinadaily.com.cn/en/2016-04/05/content_24285470.htm↩︎

  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dujiangyan_irrigation_system↩︎

  4. https://petermolnar.net/sichuan-jiuzhaigou-huanglong/↩︎

  5. https://petermolnar.net/sichuan-mount-quingcheng/↩︎